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By The End of Kindergarten, Your Child Should...

By the end of kindergarten, you child should be able to do the following: 

  • Follow class rules
  • Separate from a parent or caregiver with ease
  • Take turns
  • Cut along a line with scissors
  • Understand time concepts like yesterday, today and tomorrow
  • Stand quietly in line
  • Follow directions agreeably and easily
  • Pay attention for 15-20 minutes
  • Hold a pencil and crayon correctly
  • Share materials such as crayons and blocks
  • Know basic colors
  • Write their first name using a capital letter at the beginning 
  • Recognize and write all of the letters of the alphabet in upper and lowercase forms neatly
  • Know the relationship between letters and the sounds they make
  • Recognize at least 25 sight words and spell at least 12
  • Read, write and spell CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant) words such as bat and fan
  • Read words with silent e such as rake and bike
  • Read words with consonant blends such as belt and stop
  • Produce a word that rhymes with a given word
  • Break a word into syllables, change a syllable or delete a syllable
  • Identify beginning sounds
  • Retell a story that has been read aloud, identifying characters, beginning, middle and end
  • Write 2 or more sentences using a capital letter at the beginning, spaces and ending punctuation
  • Read, write and represent numerals to 20 
  • Count by ones and tens to 100
  • Count backwards from 20
  • Know 2D and 3D shapes
  • Identify a penny, nickel, quarter and dime by name and value
  • Measure and compare items by length, weight and how much they can hold
  • Name a number that is 1 more/less than a given number
  • Add and subtract numbers within 10 
  • Write a number sentence to go with addition and subtraction number stories within 10
  • Sort objects to create a graph
  • Analyze and compare data from picture and bar graphs